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Churchill Mk VIII Crocodile

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  • # Built 550 Crocodiles; 5,640 Churchills.
  • Weight 44.9 tons
  • Crew 5
  • Engine Bedford 12cyl; 350 hp
  • Range 56 miles
  • Speed 15 mph
  • Front armor 6"
  • Armament QF 75mm, flame-thrower and 1x 7.92 BESA mg.

The Churchill Crocodile was one of the most devastating battlefield weapons in WWII and this is one of two on display in the U.S.

Based on the Churchill Mk VII infantry tank, the Crocodile was a conversion project that allowed the crew to use the tank’s existing gun plus a flame-thrower. The flame-thrower unit was installed in the hull gunners position and a trailer carrying 480 gallons of fuel and propellant was attached to the rear of the tank.

The Crocodile was a horrifying psychological weapon. It could shoot flames over 120 yards for up to 80 seconds, usually in one second bursts. Because of the terror this weapon had wrought, captured Crocodile crews were often executed on the spot by Germans.

Churchill Crocodiles served in the Normandy Campaign, Western Europe, the Italian Campaign and later Korea.



The American Heritage Museum will be open for MA Spring Break Week (April 15-21) including Monday, April 15th and Tuesday, April 16th. Open daily from 10am to 5pm. Free Admission Day on Tuesday, April 16th funded by a grant from the Highland Street Foundation's Spring Week 2024 Program.