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New update from Sweden this week of our 1917 Nieuport 28 restoration by Mikael Carlson - www.americanheritagemuseum.org/2021/07/nieuport-28-restoration-july-2021/ - test assembly before fabric covering! Full article and gallery of photos in the link below. The sole original flying example of America's first fighter is getting closer to the skies! ... See MoreSee Less

1 week ago  ·  

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July 19, 1944: Breakthrough at Saint-LôHedgerows, Rhinos and CrocodilesThe Battle of Saint-Lô is one of the three conflicts in the battle of the hedgerows which took place between July 7 and July 19, 1944. Saint-Lô had been taken by the Germans in 1940 and after D-Day, the Americans had targeted the city as a strategic crossroads.After the battle of the Normandy beaches, Allied forces found themselves engaged in the battle of the hedgerows. Thanks to the success of the airborne landings, the flanks of the beachhead were firmly held, but efforts to break out of the center were frustrated by fierce German resistance and counterattack. Fighting inshore, the Allies also encountered difficulty in the dense hedgerow country known to the French as bocage. Aerial reconnaissance photos had not revealed the denseness of these packed embankments upon which the hedgerows grew. The bocage proved to be a defenders paradise and an attacker's hell.A simple conversion to US tanks helped defeat the hedgerow problems. In July 1944, tankers began welding iron beams - often using cut-up German "hedgehog" shore defenses - to the front of Sherman tanks. The tanks, nicknamed "Rhinos," could then drive directly at the hedgerow and plow through the mass of earth and vegetation. The invention of the device is credited to Curtis Culin, a sergeant in the 2nd Armored Division's 102nd Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron.The British did the job with fire. The Crocodile was a flame-throwing variant of the British Churchill tank developed under Major General Sir Percy Hobart in 1943. The Crocodile had a flame projector that replaced the front mounted machine gun and was connected to an armored trailer via an armored pipe mounted along the underside of the tank. The trailer carried 1800 liters of fuel as well as a compressed propellant which was enough for 80 one-second blasts.The American Heritage Museum is proud to display a British Churchill Crocodile (pictured) and a number of Sherman tanks. ... See MoreSee Less

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#1 Best-Selling Author Andrew Biggio to hold first book signing of WWII novel "The Rifle" at the American Heritage Museum on August 1st. In what could be one of the last largest WWII Veteran reunions, some 40+ WWII Veterans are expected to attend. Each veteran took part in the rifle project, and plan to sign books along with the author for hundreds of guests.Fifteen French Legion of Honor Medals will be presented to veterans ranging from ages 95-105 for their service liberating Europe. The 22nd Director of the Army National Guard, General Jon Jensen will be the guest speaker, along with Marine Corps Colonel Christopher Landro.Books are guaranteed to be signed by the author, WWII veterans until they feel free to stop.Event is scheduled from 3pm- 6pm. $30.00 per book, $20.00 if you bring your own copy. Standard museum admission to attend. ... See MoreSee Less

2 weeks ago  ·  

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Join us here at the AHM this Saturday 7/17, 1:00 PM, for a discussion by author Elizabeth Macalaster about winged couriers in the U.S. Military. Fascinating subject covered by an extraordinary woman. ... See MoreSee Less

2 weeks ago  ·  

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Italian Campaign


M3A1 Scout Car
– USA | PERSONNEL CARRIER/RECON

M5A1 Stuart – USA | LIGHT TANK

VW Kübelwagen Type 82 – GER | RECON CAR

Schwimmwagen Type 166 – GER | AMPHIBIOUS PERSONNEL CARRIER/RECON

2 cm Flak 38 – GER | ANTI-AIRCRAFT GUN

The Italian Campaign lasted from 1943 to 1945. It is estimated that between September 1943 and April 1945, 60,000–70,000 Allied and over 100,000 German soldiers died. The invasion of Sicily in July 1943 led to the collapse of the Fascist Italian regime and the fall of Mussolini who was incarcerated on July 25th, 1943. German forces soon took control of northern and central Italy.  Mussolini, who was rescued from captivity by German paratroopers. Hitler assisted Mussolini in setting up a puppet state, the Italian Social Republic, to administer the German-occupied territory. Italy fell into a civil war even as Allied and German armies clashed on its territory.

U.S. and British political leaders hoped that an invasion might knock Italy out of the war. The defeat of Italy would enable Allied naval forces, principally the Royal Navy, to dominate the Mediterranean Sea, securing the lines of communications with Egypt and Asia while forcing Axis divisions to transfer troops from the Eastern Front to defend Italy.  This assistance had been promised to the Soviet Union, then facing the great majority of German and also Italian troops.

The land forces involved were the US 7th Army under General George Patton, and the British 8th Army, under General Bernard Montgomery. They started with the liberation of Sicily in 1943. Allied forces continued with the invasion of mainland Italy which precipitated the fall of Mussolini’s government and also provoked a German invasion o the north that blocked the Allies from Rome.

Mountainous Italy was  a hard place to fight and mistakes were made by both sides, even before the main focus of fighting in Western Europe shifted to France in June, 1944. The result was that difficult, hardscrabble fighting in Italy lasted almost the the end of WWII.

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