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New update from Sweden this week of our 1917 Nieuport 28 restoration by Mikael Carlson - www.americanheritagemuseum.org/2021/07/nieuport-28-restoration-july-2021/ - test assembly before fabric covering! Full article and gallery of photos in the link below. The sole original flying example of America's first fighter is getting closer to the skies! ... See MoreSee Less

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July 19, 1944: Breakthrough at Saint-LôHedgerows, Rhinos and CrocodilesThe Battle of Saint-Lô is one of the three conflicts in the battle of the hedgerows which took place between July 7 and July 19, 1944. Saint-Lô had been taken by the Germans in 1940 and after D-Day, the Americans had targeted the city as a strategic crossroads.After the battle of the Normandy beaches, Allied forces found themselves engaged in the battle of the hedgerows. Thanks to the success of the airborne landings, the flanks of the beachhead were firmly held, but efforts to break out of the center were frustrated by fierce German resistance and counterattack. Fighting inshore, the Allies also encountered difficulty in the dense hedgerow country known to the French as bocage. Aerial reconnaissance photos had not revealed the denseness of these packed embankments upon which the hedgerows grew. The bocage proved to be a defenders paradise and an attacker's hell.A simple conversion to US tanks helped defeat the hedgerow problems. In July 1944, tankers began welding iron beams - often using cut-up German "hedgehog" shore defenses - to the front of Sherman tanks. The tanks, nicknamed "Rhinos," could then drive directly at the hedgerow and plow through the mass of earth and vegetation. The invention of the device is credited to Curtis Culin, a sergeant in the 2nd Armored Division's 102nd Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron.The British did the job with fire. The Crocodile was a flame-throwing variant of the British Churchill tank developed under Major General Sir Percy Hobart in 1943. The Crocodile had a flame projector that replaced the front mounted machine gun and was connected to an armored trailer via an armored pipe mounted along the underside of the tank. The trailer carried 1800 liters of fuel as well as a compressed propellant which was enough for 80 one-second blasts.The American Heritage Museum is proud to display a British Churchill Crocodile (pictured) and a number of Sherman tanks. ... See MoreSee Less

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#1 Best-Selling Author Andrew Biggio to hold first book signing of WWII novel "The Rifle" at the American Heritage Museum on August 1st. In what could be one of the last largest WWII Veteran reunions, some 40+ WWII Veterans are expected to attend. Each veteran took part in the rifle project, and plan to sign books along with the author for hundreds of guests.Fifteen French Legion of Honor Medals will be presented to veterans ranging from ages 95-105 for their service liberating Europe. The 22nd Director of the Army National Guard, General Jon Jensen will be the guest speaker, along with Marine Corps Colonel Christopher Landro.Books are guaranteed to be signed by the author, WWII veterans until they feel free to stop.Event is scheduled from 3pm- 6pm. $30.00 per book, $20.00 if you bring your own copy. Standard museum admission to attend. ... See MoreSee Less

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Join us here at the AHM this Saturday 7/17, 1:00 PM, for a discussion by author Elizabeth Macalaster about winged couriers in the U.S. Military. Fascinating subject covered by an extraordinary woman. ... See MoreSee Less

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D-Day


Cromwell I –
UK | TANK

                   LCVP “Higgins Boat” – USA | LANDING CRAFT

Churchill Crocodile – UK | FLAME THROWER TANK

QF 6-pounder – UK | ANTI-TANK GUN

Bren Gun Carrier (Universal Carrier) – UK | LIGHT PERSONNEL CARRIER

Allied plans for a cross-Channel invasion of what Hitler called his “Fortress Europe” began to ramp up in 1943. Erwin Rommel took charge of defense operations along the Atlantic coast of occupied Europe. Hitler charged Rommel with completing the so-called Atlantic Wall, a 2,400-mile fortification of bunkers, landmines, beach and water obstacles.

Code-named Operation Overlord, the Battle for Western Europe began on D-Day (June 6th, 1944).  Nearly 156,000 American, British, Canadian, Polish and Free French forces landed on five beaches (two American, two British, one Canadian) along a 50-mile stretch of the heavily fortified coast of France’s Normandy region.

The invasion was one of the largest amphibious military assaults in history and required extensive planning, a huge logistical effort, special feats of engineering, and probably most important, close cooperation among the armies, navies and air forces of all the participating Allied nations. The Normandy landings have been called the beginning of the end of the war in Europe. In fact, they marked the beginning of a new and far more deadly phase, lasting over 11 months.

Operation Neptune – the naval component of Operation Overlord – was organized and commanded by British Admiral Sir Bertram Ramsay, the same man who oversaw the 1940 evacuation of the British Expeditionary Forces from the Dunkirk beaches. Neptune would be the largest seaborne invasion in history, only exceeded by the invasion of Okinawa the following year. The invasion fleet was drawn from eight different navies and involved 196,000 naval personnel and 6,939 vessels ranging in size from Higgins boats to battleships.

By dawn on June 6, thousands of paratroopers and glider troops were already on the ground behind enemy lines, securing bridges and exit roads. The amphibious invasions began at 6:30 a.m. The British and Canadians overcame opposition to capture beaches code-named Gold, Sword, and Juno, as did the Americans at Utah Beach. U.S. forces faced the heaviest resistance and most difficult terrain under the cliffs of Omaha Beach, where there were over 2,000 American casualties. However, by day’s end, approximately 156,000 Allied troops had successfully stormed Normandy’s beaches. According to some estimates, more than 4,000 Allied troops lost their lives in the D-Day invasion, with thousands more wounded or missing. Perhaps 6,000 Germans were killed, with many more wounded or surrendering to advancing Allied forces. It took even heavier fighting, against German reinforcements and several Panzer divisions, to secure the Normandy landing sites by June 11.  By the end of August 1944, the Allies had reached the Seine River, Paris was liberated, and the German army was running for the Rhine, abandoning tanks and trucks and other equipment after its bloody defeat at Falaise. But then the Allies went ‘a bridge too far’ in the Netherlands and suffered a hard defeat, and more slogging around Metz. The armies settled into the forests and hills that straddled the Rhine, fighting a slower, more grinding kind of war into the last months of 1944. The war would not be ‘over by Christmas.’ It would continue all winter and into the late spring of 1945.

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