header.php
How "Section T" Took Down a Nazi Superweapon and Helped Win the Battle of the BulgeAs you descend the American Heritage Museum's central staircase, be sure to look up to see our "Doodlebug" - one of the several nicknames (buzzbomb, Maybug) given to the V-1 rockets launched on England after the D-Day invasion. From June 1944 to March 1945, the Germans launched 6,725 V-1 rockets at Britain from launch pads in France and the Netherlands. Of those, 2.340 hit London causing 5,475 deaths with nearly 16,000 injured. While the RAF had some early success in downing Hitler's flying bombs, the superior speed of later V-1 models required new approaches to air defense. The most effective solution came from the top secret project of US engineers and scientists led by Johns Hopkins physicist Merle Tuve who comprised what was known as "Section T" of the US Army Research Laboratory. After three years of intensive research and testing, Tuve's team developed the VT (Variable Time) Proximity Fuse, a device that alerted an artillery shell when to explode. By August 1944, Allied forces were shooting nearly half of the V-1 rockets out of the sky, and by the end of the summer, their success rate neared 100%. The last V-1 launch site in the Netherlands was overrun on March 29, 1945.Allied artillery commanders in Europe were anxious to utilize their stockpile of new shells equipped with radio proximity fuses. But the Joint Chiefs of Staff in Washington and Allied leadership in Europe were reluctant to use the proximity shell against German ground forces. If the Nazis recovered a dud, which they would, they could reverse-engineer the invention and use it against the Allies - and share it with the Japanese. Dr. Vannevar Bush, chairman of the National Defense Research Council, convened a panel of scientists, including Tuve, that determined it would take the Germans at least 27 months to replicate and mass-produce their own proximity shell. Eisenhower then ordered that the shells could be used starting on December 25.However, on the morning a December 16, 1944, Colonel George Axelson, the commander of the 406th Artillery Group, had a difficult decision to make. The Germans had just launched an offensive along an 80-mile front in Belgium and Luxembourg that would become known as the Battle of the Bulge. Axelson decided that the emergency trumped Ike's restrictions and ordered his gunners to use the new shell. The German attack in his sector collapsed. Beginning on December 18, the U.S. First, Third and Ninth Armies unleashed the most devastating artillery fire German troops had ever encountered. Across the Ardennes, the VT fuse became the weapon of choice, particularly at night, in the open and through fog. Shells were showered on German troops crossing critical road junctions, bridges and highways.The development of the proximity fuse was one of the best-kept secrets of WWII and is regarded by many as the third most important technological achievement after the Atomic bomb and Radar. ... See MoreSee Less

50 minutes ago  ·  

View on Facebook
Greetings from AHM! A reminder we will be open Monday, January 17th celebrating MLK Day. In honor of Martin Luther King, Jr. and upcoming Black History Month we have moved the Tuskegee PT-17 Stearman into the museum and is on display. This is the last flying Stearman that was used to train Tuskegee Airmen during WWII. Amazing history! See you soon. ... See MoreSee Less

1 week ago  ·  

View on Facebook
Hello everyone on a snowy Friday, January 7th! The museum IS OPEN today from 10am to 5pm but we ask all visitors to exercise caution on our entrance road as we try to keep up with the snowy and slippery conditions. Remember that your car isn't an M24 Chaffee and doesn't handle as well in the snow! (video taken last year, alas we are not driving the M24 today)www.facebook.com/1823762134370546/videos/3869937883086284 ... See MoreSee Less

2 weeks ago  ·  

View on Facebook
Join Liberty Lou on a behind the scenes tour through the American Heritage Museum's maintenance shop. Learn about AHM's tank driving and ride programs. See: www.youtube.com/watch?v=VwkOi6qGJEY ... See MoreSee Less

3 weeks ago  ·  

View on Facebook

American Heritage Museum Library Membership / Pass Program

American Heritage Museum Library Pass Membership ProgramThe American Heritage Museum Library Membership / Pass Program provides local libraries to offer patrons and local citizens discounted admission to the American Heritage Museum through permanent passes available for lending. Many museums in the region offer such programs to library patrons and their families and the American Heritage Museum is proud to offer the program as well to allow communities to learn more about the American efforts to fight for and defend freedom, the role of the citizen soldier in these efforts, and the role of technology in supporting these efforts.

The American Heritage Museum Library Membership / Pass Program is available for $200 annually and includes the following:

– Four (4) Reusable Half-Price General Admission Passes for up to Six (6) visitors under a single pass. Passes are not valid for special events or the annual WWII re-enactment weekend in October.

– One (1) Library Staff Membership allowing library staff, trustees, or volunteers free admission for educational and program development research.

– Member mailings of upcoming events, exhibits, and educational programs.

The passes also offer discounts on Membership purchases for the pass holder if they decide to become an Individual or Family Member when they visit. See passes for details.

If your library is interested in becoming a member of our Library Membership / Pass Program, please download and fill out the form at this link and mail with payment to:

American Heritage Museum
Attn: Library Membership
568 Main Street
Hudson, MA 01749

Or you may email it to Ryan Keough, Director of Development & Donor Relations at rkeough@collingsfoundation.org. If you wish to purchase over the phone or have questions, please reach Ryan Keough at 978-562-9182 M-F, 10am to 5pm Eastern.

Participating Public Libraries

Massachusetts

Auburn, MA – Auburn Public Library

Ayer, MA – Ayer Library

Billerica, MA – Billerica Public Library

Burlington, MA – Burlington Public Library

Clinton, MA – Bigelow Free Public Library

Dudley, MA – Pearle L. Crawford Memorial Library

East Brookfield, MA – East Brookfield Public Library

Fitchburg, MA – Fitchburg Public Library

Hudson, MA – Hudson Public Library

Lancaster, MA – Thayer Memorial Library

Leicester, MA – Leicester Public Library

Littleton, MA – Reuben Hoar Library

Monson, MA – Monson Free Library

Plymouth, MA – Plymouth Public Library

Sterling, MA – Conant Public Library

Stoneham, MA – Stoneham Public Library

Stow, MA – Randall Library

Sutton, MA – Sutton Free Public Library

Townsend, MA – Townsend Public Library

Uxbridge, MA – Uxbridge Free Public Library

Winthrop, MA – Winthrop Public Library

New Hampshire

Hudson, NH – George H. & Ella M. Rodgers Memorial Library

Rhode Island

Cumberland, RI – Cumberland Public Library

East Providence, RI – East Providence Public Library

 

 

footer.php

Friday, January 7 - Museum Open, but Exercise Caution Driving In

We are open today, Friday, January 7th from 10am to 5pm, but we ask visitors to drive very slow on our main entry road as the winter storm has made conditions slick. Thank you!